Brev till FN:s säkerhetsråd om Västsahara och Minurso
Lena Hjelm-Wallén och Jens Orback skriver i ett brev till FN:s säkerhetsråds ordförande, H.E. Ms. Susan E. Rice, om vikten av att Minurso ges mandat att bevaka och rapportera om brott mot de mänskliga rättigheterna.
Her Excellency Ms Susan E. Rice
Permanent U.S. Representative to the United Nations
President of the UN Security Council
Stockholm, the 16th of April 2012
Re: Extended MINURSO mandate to monitor and report on human rights violations
We write this letter as we are deeply worried about the way the United Nations deal with the prevailing situation in Western Sahara, including the continuous violations of human rights under the Moroccan occupation.
As the Security Council soon will again consider the Western Sahara situation and the question of prolonging the time frame and mandate of the monitoring task force MINURSO, we urge the Security Council to include in the mandate of MINURSO a requirement to monitor and report on human rights violations against the Saharawi civil population.
We welcome the acknowledgement of the human rights issue in resolution 1979 of April 2011 and its importance for resolving the underlying conflict on Western Sahara. We also welcome any contribution by UN Council for Human Rights in that respect.
But as shown by the Moroccan siege of the ”dignity camp” Gdeim Izik November 2010, the storming of the camp and the hundreds of arrests and detentions of Saharawis that followed, there is a need for an active monitoring mechanism, on site and in real time, that not only observes and reports, but also can mediate and intervene to prevent violent actions.
The same lessons are learned on an almost daily basis in the violations that are going on in cities like Dakhla and El Aaiún, according to reports from local human rights organisations and the few independent foreign observers that have managed to report from the area.
The Saharawi people has a right to voice their protests against the Moroccan occupation that is in breach of international law, to demand their independence and to enjoy the universal human rights, including the right to assembly and freedom of speech.
We therefore call on the UN Security Council to extend the mandate to the UN monitoring force, MINURSO, to include authority to monitor the respect for human rights. MINURSO is, as you may know, the only peacekeeping mission established since 1978 that does not have human rights included in its mandate.
We most sincerely thank you, as President of the Security Council, for examining this letter, and ask you to share it with the members of the Security Council.
Please accept the assurance of our highest regards.
Deputy Swedish Prime Minister 1995-2002, President of the Olof Palme International Center
Secretary General, Olof Palme International Center